Understanding the 7 Types of Eczema

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a persistent inflammatory skin disorder characterized by dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. While eczema is often discussed as a single entity, it’s essential to recognize the several different types of eczema, each with unique characteristics and triggers.

Understanding the various types of eczema can assist you in more effectively managing your symptoms and obtaining suitable treatment.

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent type of eczema, and is often simply called “eczema.” It usually starts in childhood and is marked by dry, itchy, inflamed skin that can lead to rashes, oozing, and crusting. Atopic dermatitis is often associated with other conditions, such as asthma and hay fever; environmental factors, stress, and certain irritants can trigger it.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is triggered by skin contact with an irritant or allergen. It can be further divided into two categories: irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis arises from exposure to harsh chemicals or substances that directly irritate the skin.

Nummular Eczema

Nummular eczema, often called discoid eczema or nummular dermatitis, is characterized by coin-shaped, itchy, and scaly patches on the skin. These patches can affect nearly any area of the body, though they most frequently appear on the torso, arms, and legs.

Dyshidrotic Eczema

This type of eczema primarily affects the hands and feet, causing small, intensely itchy blisters on the palms, soles, and sides of the fingers and toes.


Neurodermatitis, sometimes called lichen simplex chronicus, is defined by thick, scaly patches of skin that develop from excessive scratching or rubbing.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

This eczema causes red, scaly patches on areas with a lot of oil glands such as the scalp and face.

Stasis Dermatitis

This type of eczema develops in individuals with poor circulation, typically affecting the lower legs and ankles.

Take Care of Your Skin in Jacksonville Beach, FL

Jacksonville Beach Dermatology offers comprehensive care for managing various types of eczema. Our experienced team is ready to help you address your skin concerns and improve your quality of life.

Call us today at 904-247-4300 to schedule an appointment. Don’t let eczema control your life — reach out to Jacksonville Beach Dermatology and take the first step towards healthier skin.

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Dr. Jacquelyn Medina
Treating patients 2 and older
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